Why We Exist
- The African continent is the second largest most populous continent in the world. In 2016 the total population was estimated at 1,225,080,510, which is 15% of the global population. The United Nations estimates that the population of Africa could reach 2.5 billion by 2050 which will be 26% of the global population.
- While Africa has made progress in terms of achieving its Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s), many African countries are still facing huge challenges such as high mortality and morbidity rates because of diseases such as HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria. Furthermore the continent has substantial number of outbreaks such as cholera, plaque, typhoid and listeriosis. While many countries have partly achieved their targets in reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria. Many countries in Africa still have high prevalence rates and poor infrastructure, planning and investment in health care services exacerbate this.
- According to World Health Orgnanisation (2015), Africa bears “more than 24% of the global burden of disease, but has access to only 3% of health workers and less than 1% of the world’s financial resources,” About 44% of WHO member states have less than one doctor per 1,000 population,” reported the health body in 2015. “Countries with the lowest relative need have the highest numbers of health workers, while those with the greatest burden of disease must make do with a much smaller health workforce. According to WHO. In April 2001, heads of state of African Union countries met and pledged to allocate at least 15% of their annual budgets to improving the health sector. At the same time, they urged donor countries to “fulfil the yet to be met target of 0.7% of their GNP as Official Development Assistance (ODA) to developing countries. While health and infrustractural development targets are not achieved, one of major issues is poverty and lack of development and unsustainable development methods
- The 2015 Africa Regional report on Sustainable Development Goals indicates that region has made notable progress on social development. e incidence of poverty is on the decline in many countries, public expenditures on education and health are steadily increasing, and most coun- tries have achieved universal primary enrolment and gender parity in primary education. Progress is slow but encouraging on health, gender and women’s empowerment indicators, although considerable chal- lenges remain. However poverty, inequality and extreme hunger remain fundamental challenges for the post-2015 development framework. Other social-development challenges include access to basic infra- structural services, youth unemployment, quality of education, and inadequate social protection. Africa’s projected demographic structure, population and urbanization growth present enormous implications and opportunities for human development, structural transformation and sustained economic growth.
- African Institute for Research and Sustainable Development exisistance is to constribute to achievements of Sustainable Development through Resesearch, innovative and efficient sustainable systems, methodologies and programmes that are strategically developed by Africans for African continent.